Dhauligiri, also known as Dhauli, is a hillside lying on the banks of the River Daya, is situated 8 km south of the state capital Bhubaneswar in Orissa. Dhauli houses the marvelous Edicts of Ashoka imprinted on a mass of rock, lying beside the road heading towards the hill summit. Dhauli hill is believed to be the battleground of the Kalinga War. The place is also known for bearing the grand Shanti Stupa or Peace Pagoda.
During the battle of Kalinga, it was the River Daya which is believed to be turned red due to the bloodbath happened in the war, making Ashoka realize the darkest side of a war and he become the propagator of peace. Later, he helped Dhauli become a paramount Buddhist centre by building a number of chaityas, stupas and pillars in the region.
LocationDhauli is located on the banks of the River Daya, 8 km south of the state capital Bhubaneswar in Orissa.
The excavations have revealed several Rock Edicts including Nos. I-X, XIV as well as two separate Kalinga Edicts. Ashoka expressed his concerned about the mankind in Kalinga Edict VI as the "welfare of the whole world". You can spot the oldest Buddhist sculptures in Orissa as the rock-cut elephant above the Edicts.
You can spot this splendid Peace Pagoda or Shanti Stupa on the hilltop, built in 1972 by the Japan Buddha Sangha and the Kalinga Nippon Buddha Sangha.
In the vicinity, you can find numerous Ashokan edicts and a Stupa at the Bhaskareshwar Temple at Tankapani road.
Located in the Dhauligiri hills, the Shiva Temple gives space for mass gathering for Shiva Ratri celebrations.